Cách phòng ngừa viêm phổi ở trẻ em thế nào mới hiệu quả?

Viêm phổi là một dạng nhiễm trùng phổi, có thể do nhiều vi sinh vật khác nhau gây ra, bao gồm vi khuẩn, virus và ký sinh. Những biện pháp phòng ngừa viêm phổi ở trẻ em là gì? Hãy cùng tìm hiểu qua bài viết sau đây.

Một số ông bố bà mẹ cứ nghĩ rằng trẻ em chỉ hay mắc bệnh viêm phổi trong mùa đông nên thường rất chủ quan. Trên thực tế trẻ hoàn toàn có thể bị viêm phổi trong mùa hè, có thể do các bậc phụ huynh không biết cách gìn giữ cho con trong thói quen sinh hoạt, vui chơi, chế độ dinh dưỡng nên việc phòng ngừa viêm phổi ở trẻ em là rất khó.

Bệnh viêm phổi ở trẻ em có thể gặp ở bất cứ mùa nào
Bệnh viêm phổi ở trẻ em có thể gặp ở bất cứ mùa nào

Phòng ngừa viêm phổi ở trẻ em

Một phần vì cha mẹ chủ quan và nhận thức sai lầm, bỏ qua các triệu chứng ban đầu của bệnh mà đã có không ít trường hợp, trẻ em được đưa tới bệnh viện trong tình trạng bệnh đã nặng. Để phòng ngừa nguy cơ gây bệnh, các bậc cha mẹ nên lưu ý một số vấn đề sau:

– Cho trẻ bú sữa mẹ, bú sớm ngay sau khi sinh, bú mẹ hoàn toàn trong 6 tháng đầu và bú kéo dài đến 2 tuổi để đảm bảo sức đề kháng tốt nhất giúp phòng ngừa cho trẻ khỏi những bệnh nguy hiểm.

– Tăng cường phòng ngừa bệnh cho trẻ em qua việc bổ sung dinh dưỡng hợp lý, thức ăn bổ sung cần đủ 4 nhóm thực phẩm (ngũ cốc, đạm động vật hoặc đậu đỗ, dầu mỡ, rau quả)

– Mùa hè thời tiết nóng bức khó chịu, nhưng không vì thế mà cho trẻ em ăn uống đồ lạnh. Việc ăn quá nhiều kem và thực phẩm để lâu trong tủ lạnh càng làm tăng nguy cơ mắc các bệnh đường hô hấp ở trẻ em, trong đó không loại trừ viêm phổi.

– Nếu trong phòng có điều hòa thì không nên để chế độ lạnh dưới 25 độ, để trẻ nằm hoặc chơi ở nơi thoáng mát, cũng không nên để trẻ ra quá nhiều mồ hôi, nếu không kịp lau khô trẻ sẽ dễ bị cảm lạnh.

– Chú ý vệ sinh cá nhân và môi trường sạch sẽ, tránh khói thuốc lá và than bụi trong nhà để phòng ngừa viêm phổi ở trẻ em cũng như phòng ngừa các bệnh dễ lây nhiễm khác.

Giữ vệ sinh cá nhân cũng là cách phòng ngừa viêm phổi ở trẻ em
Giữ vệ sinh cá nhân cũng là cách phòng ngừa viêm phổi ở trẻ em

– Theo dõi lịch tiêm chủng và đưa trẻ tiêm chủng vắc xin đầy đủ đúng lịch. Đặc biệt là hoàn thành tiêm chủng trong năm đầu.

– Nếu trong gia đình có người bị nhiễm khuẩn hô hấp như cúm, lao phổi cần cách ly để không lây nhiễm sang trẻ. Gia đình nên điều trị theo phác đồ của bác sĩ để phòng ngừa trẻ bị lây bệnh viêm phổi.

– Nếu trẻ em có những biểu hiện nhiễm khuẩn hô hấp cấp như cảm lạnh, viêm mũi, họng thì cần được phát hiện và xử lý sớm, chăm sóc tốt để ngăn chặn bệnh chuyển sang viêm phổi. Ngoài ra, với trẻ em, cơ thể chưa phát triển toàn viên, nếu trẻ bị viêm phổi, cần được thăm khám và có sự tư vấn cụ thể của bác sĩ về cách chữa bệnh phù hợp.

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